The procedure for assigning unique rights for new creations is of an official nature and the rules for how to patent are determined by regulations.
This made easy explanation of the patent process does not obviously exhaust the problem. It should be specified most importantly that it is necessary to prepare relevant papers (application, definition, patent claims, and others) and pay appropriate commissions.
What is possible to patent? Any innovative creation. Only one that is new (suitable inventive level and applicable for industrial use) can get protection. The Polish legislator did not decide to define the concept of the invention. Commonly, however, it is recognized that this is a widely understood product (https://intive.com/en/blog/case-studies/cross-platform-video-on-demand-solutions-for-maxdome-2), the way it is produced, and the use of a product. In this sense, you could wonder how to get a copyright for an idea, electronic instrument, goods, technology, technical solution, product, appliance, toy, drug, machine, utility, thing, formula. It is worth adding that patenting is not the uniqUE way to protect a solution or invention. Frequently it is much simpler, and it is no less efficient, to apply for a utility model recognition. However, it is solely a job (see see full proposal on this page) concentrating on this field who can determine and recommend this. Preparation of the application documentation of the invention is quite annoying and requires some routine.
Therefore, it is no harm to use some support of people who are trained to deal with such activities, like European patent attorneys who basically are competent representatives in matters of industrial property.